The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is the largest country of the main land South-East Asia with the total area of 676,578 sq. kms. It’s north-south lengths is 2,200 kms while the east-west breadth is 925 kms. The country is surrounded by China in the north and the Lao PDR and Thailand in the east and south east, India and Bangladesh in the west while the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman sea are in the west and the south. The country has 2,400 kms coastline.
It has been administratively divided into 7 Regions and 7 States. The Regions/States have been divided into Districts which in turn have been divided into Townships. Nay Pyi Taw is the capital city of the country.
Physical features of Myanmar could be divided into five major physiographic units namely the Indo-Myanmar Ranges, the Arakan Coastal Lowlands, the Sino-Myanmar Ranges, the Inner Myanmar Basin, the Eastern Himalayas. The first four regions run more or less north to south, while the Himalayas runs west to east in the northernmost part of the country.
It has a tropical climate with three seasons namely Rainy (mid- May to mid- October), Winter (mid-October to mid-February) and Summer (mid-February to mid-May). There is large variation in average precipitation as coastal areas receive average precipitation in the rage of 4,000 mm to 5,600 mm while central dry zone received precipitation in the range of 600 mm and 1400 mm.
Myanmar is the home of 56.52 million in 2006-07, 70% of which is in rural areas. Myanmar is agriculture-based country as it accounts for 40.2 percent of the GDP with the total workforce of the sector at 64.1 percent